#174 Alcazar of Segovia
Segovia, Castile & Len, Spain
1120 - 1258, plus early 15th century
This is NOT an official Lego site

Like many other European castles and fortresses, the Alcazar of Segovia is built atop the minor remains of a Roman fort.  Following the Umayyad conquest of much of Iberia in the 8th century, or shortly thereafter, a wooden Muslim stockade was built on the site.  The "castle of Segovia" and "Alca'ar" are first mentioned in 1120, while Urraca, daughter of King Alfonso VI, reigned over the recently freed Castile and Len.  The castle was begun to protect the adjacent Cathedral of Santa Maria, and was enhanced from 1124 to 1139, during the reign of Alfonso VII, son of Urraca and her arranged husband, Raymond of Burgundy.  The famous 'ship's prow' shape of the castle apparently occurred during the latter half of the 12th century, during the reign of King Alfonso VIII, and his wife, Eleanor of England.  Major reconstructions occurred during the reign of Alfonso X in 1258 after a major cave-in, but the most impressive part of the castle was the Tower of John II, built during the first half of the 15th century.  The Alcazar reached its peak of importance during the reigns of John II (1406-1454) and Henry IV (1454-1474).
On December 12, 1474 King Henry IV of Castile died in Madrid, and his sister Isabella immediately took refuge at the Alcazar, where she was enthroned as Queen Isabella of Castile and Len the next day.  The coronation is remembered by a wall-size painting of the event in the Alabaster Room by Muoz de Pablos.  After Isabella died in 1504, her mentally ill daughter Joanna became Queen.  The situation did not destabilize for the 12 years that her father, King Ferdinand II of Aragon, was her co-regent, but when he died in 1516, her 16 year old son, Charles, was proclaimed King of Castile and Aragon.  Charles, raised in the Netherlands, first became Carlos I of Aragon, but was soon crowned Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.  His extravagant court and increased taxation led to the War of the Communities of Castile in 1520-1.  The rebellion was crushed, and he ruled with his mother, Joanna, until 1556, when he abdicated to his son, Phillip II.  Phillip, Emperor of the Spanish Habsburgs, married Anne of Austria in 1570, and added the sharp slate spires to the Alcazar.
The royal court eventually moved back to Madrid, and for almost 200 years, the Alcazar served as as state prison.  Then in 1762 King Charles II founded the Royal College of Artillery at Segovia, which stayed there until the devastating fire of March 6, 1862 which destroyed roofs and interiors, and many of the treasures stored in the castle. It was 20 years before restoration of the castle took place, and in 1896, King Alfonso XIII handed over the Alcazar to the Ministry of War to be a war college.  In 1951 the Board of Trustees decreed that the castle should become a public museum to celebrate its triple history as royal castle, artillery school and war college.
The Alcazar from a satellite. The Patio de Armas [Gunyard]
looking east
And the west end of the
same Arms Patio.
The Small Courtyard looking
east...
...and the west view with the
Chapel wall on the right.
Here is my ground floor plan with
the best key I can produce
Here is the same plan with the
rooms and spaces which will seen
at Brickworld 2020. Green is for the
north side, and yellow for the south.
This is a nice watercolor of the
castle showing the proximity of
the Cathedral of Santa Maria.

 

Photos of the Lego Model
under construction September 2019 - ???

This project is my first castle collaboration.  Dear friend Terry Parrish of Champaign, Illinois, is warrior
enough to drive 55 miles back and forth twice a week to build the Alcazar with me.  Be safe, Road Warrior! 
On September 10, 2019, the four sections of the
Alcazar are laid out.  The 11.5+ foot long model
will not fit on my building table despite both leaves
being in place.  Darling wife Judy notes the small
computer table [see L edge of this picture]
That added 19 3/4" is just
enough so that the new
castle can be built in its
actual shape!
By the seventh day there is
more form to the rocky
outcrop upon which the
Alcazar was built.
From the "prow" end of
the castle, you can
appreciate the little
computer stand which
allows in-line building!
Introducing Terry Parrish,
my collaborator on this
massive model!
Here we are building
again on September
24.  The mountain is
growing.
Here's the east (entrance) end of
the castle on the same day. Terry
has several red shirts, being a big
Ohio State Buckeye fan.
Work resumes on Oct.
17, when Judy and I
return from a meeting
in Florida.
We are working our
way up to the 26-
brick high main floor
level of the castle!
Here are two panoramas on Oct. 17 from the ENE... ...and the NW. By the next day a lot more supports
for the floors and courtyards have
been added.
Soon we'll be seeing the
floors of the main rooms.
But the columned Arms Patio
(Gunyard) is already taking shape.
Here are four photos of
progress as of October
24.  The base of the
castle is pretty much done...
...with the prow end
of the Alcazar saved
for last!
You can vaguely appreciate the main
room on the north side of the castle.
More in a few days!
The Arms Patio is essentially complete. Both Ther On Mar
Here's The s The vi. The
The The t The The
The lo The . The h The h

 

Photos of the Lego Model
Built September 10, 2019 to ????? for BrickWorld 2020

Soon Soon Soon Soon
Soon Soon Soon Soon
Soon Soon Soon Soon
Soon Soon Soon Soon

 

Build Your Own

Usually I'm happy to share my plans and elevations, but the Alcazar is close to
500 feet long, the Lego model a bit over 11
feet long, and my plan and
elevations almost 5 feet long.  I cannot copy this at home, but if you think you
must have the plans anyway, contact me for cost estimates.
Where Plan & Elevations usually are...


Other Alcazar of Segovia pages:
https://www.alcazardesegovia.com/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alc%C3%A1zar_of_Segovia
https://www.exploring-castles.com/europe/spain/alcazar_de_segovia/
https://www.thevintagenews.com/2016/10/22/the-alcazar-of-segovia-is-one-of-the-most-distinctive-castle-palaces-in-spain/

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Castles created by Robert Carney
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Robert Carney