#174 Alcazar of Segovia
Segovia, Castile & León, Spain
1120 - 1258, plus early 15th century
This is NOT an official Lego site
|Like many other European castles and fortresses, the Alcazar of Segovia is built atop the minor remains of a Roman fort. Following the Umayyad conquest of much of Iberia in the 8th century, or shortly thereafter, a wooden Muslim stockade was built on the site. The "castle of Segovia" and "Alca'ar" are first mentioned in 1120, while Urraca, daughter of King Alfonso VI, reigned over the recently freed Castile and León. The castle was begun to protect the adjacent Cathedral of Santa Maria, and was enhanced from 1124 to 1139, during the reign of Alfonso VII, son of Urraca and her arranged husband, Raymond of Burgundy. The famous 'ship's prow' shape of the castle apparently occurred during the latter half of the 12th century, during the reign of King Alfonso VIII, and his wife, Eleanor of England. Major reconstructions occurred during the reign of Alfonso X in 1258 after a major cave-in, but the most impressive part of the castle was the Tower of John II, built during the first half of the 15th century. The Alcazar reached its peak of importance during the reigns of John II (1406-1454) and Henry IV (1454-1474).|
December 12, 1474 King Henry IV of Castile died in Madrid, and his
sister Isabella immediately took refuge at the Alcazar, where she was
enthroned as Queen Isabella of Castile and León the next day.
The coronation is remembered by a wall-size painting of the event in the
Alabaster Room by Muñoz de Pablos.
After Isabella died in 1504, her mentally ill daughter Joanna became
Queen. The situation did not destabilize for the 12 years that her
father, King Ferdinand II of Aragon, was her co-regent, but when he died
in 1516, her 16 year old son, Charles, was proclaimed King of Castile
and Aragon. Charles, raised in the Netherlands, first became
Carlos I of Aragon, but was soon crowned Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
His extravagant court and increased taxation led to the War of the
Communities of Castile in 1520-1. The rebellion was crushed, and
he ruled with his mother, Joanna, until 1556, when he abdicated to his
son, Phillip II. Phillip, Emperor of the Spanish Habsburgs,
married Anne of Austria in 1570, and added the sharp slate spires to the
|The royal court eventually moved back to Madrid, and for almost 200 years, the Alcazar served as as state prison. Then in 1762 King Charles II founded the Royal College of Artillery at Segovia, which stayed there until the devastating fire of March 6, 1862 which destroyed roofs and interiors, and many of the treasures stored in the castle. It was 20 years before restoration of the castle took place, and in 1896, King Alfonso XIII handed over the Alcazar to the Ministry of War to be a war college. In 1951 the Board of Trustees decreed that the castle should become a public museum to celebrate its triple history as royal castle, artillery school and war college.|
|The Alcazar from a satellite.||
The Patio de
And the west
end of the
same Arms Patio.
west view with the
Chapel wall on the right.
Here is my
ground floor plan with
the best key I can produce
Here is the
same plan with the
rooms and spaces which will seen
at Brickworld 2020. Green is for the
north side, and yellow for the south.
This is a
nice watercolor of the
castle showing the proximity of
the Cathedral of Santa Maria.
of the Lego Model
under construction September 2019 - ???
This project is my first castle collaboration. Dear friend Terry Parrish of Champaign, Illinois, is warrior
enough to drive 55 miles back and forth twice a week to build the Alcazar with me. Be safe, Road Warrior!
10, 2019, the four sections of the
Alcazar are laid out. The 11.5+ foot long model
will not fit on my building table despite both leaves
being in place. Darling wife Judy notes the small
computer table [see L edge of this picture]
|That added 19 3/4" is
enough so that the new
castle can be built in its
seventh day there is
more form to the rocky
outcrop upon which the
Alcazar was built.
"prow" end of
the castle, you can
appreciate the little
computer stand which
allows in-line building!
my collaborator on this
Here we are
again on September
24. The mountain is
east (entrance) end of
the castle on the same day. Terry
has several red shirts, being a big
Ohio State Buckeye fan.
17, when Judy and I
return from a meeting
We are working our
way up to the 26-
brick high main floor
level of the castle!
|Here are two panoramas on Oct. 17 from the ENE...||...and the NW.||
By the next
day a lot more supports
for the floors and courtyards have
Soon we'll be
floors of the main rooms.
columned Arms Patio
(Gunyard) is already taking shape.
Here are four
progress as of October
24. The base of the
castle is pretty much done...
of the Alcazar saved
vaguely appreciate the main
room on the north side of the castle.
More in a few days!
Usually I'm happy to share my plans and elevations, but the Alcazar is close to
500 feet long, the Lego model a bit over 11½ feet long, and my plan and
elevations almost 5 feet long. I cannot copy this at home, but if you think you
must have the plans anyway, contact me for cost estimates.
Where Plan & Elevations
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