#182 Castillo de Almansa
Almansa, Albacete, Spain
After 1255, 1346 & 1449-54
This is NOT an official Lego site

Almansa Castle resides on an elongated rocky, craggy mass rising out of the plain on the north edge of the city of Almansa, in the province of Albacete in what is now called Castilla La Mancha.  It is speculated that both a Roman fort and a Moorish fortress occupied the site before the conquest in Almansa by James I 'the Conqueror', the King of Aragon, in 1255.  He ceded Almansa to the Knights Templar, and it is very likely they constructed some sort of the castle on the rocky summit before they were discredited and suppressed in 1312.  Much of the castle as we see it today was built by Don Juan Manuel, Prince of Villena (1282- ), about 1346.  He was extremely wealthy and powerful, and chose writing as his vocation and greatest claim to future fame. 
In 1444 King Juan [John] II granted Almansa, and the surrounding area in southeastern Spain, to Alfonso Téllez Girón y Vázquez de Acuña (d. 1449), a Castilian soldier and nobleman of Portuguese origin.  He passed Almansa on to his son, Juan Fernández Pacheco y Téllez Girón, generally known as Don Juan Pacheco (1419-1474), 2nd Marques of Villena, who added the tall rectangular donjon and other sections to the castle.  In 1469 when Princess Isabella married Fernando [Ferdinand] II, King of Aragon, and the War of Castilian Succession soon followed, Juan Pacheco sided with Juana of Castile, known as la Beltraneja (bastard daughter of King Henry IV), in a losing cause. 
Beginning in the 16th century, the castle was in a continuous state of gradual deterioration, though it was used by troops of the Duke of Berwick in 1707 during the War of Spanish Succession.  Berwick commanded the troops of the Philip V, Bourbon claimant to the Spanish throne, against his Habsburg rival, Archduke Charles of Austria.  Clearly outnumbered, Berwick won what has been described as "the single most important battle fought in Spain".  The castle had so deteriorated by 1919 that the mayor of Almansa requested permission to demolish it.  A report by the Royal Academy of History resulted in the ruin not only being saved, but declared a National Historic-Artistic Monument in 1921.  Several restoration projects have resulted in the castle being an important and stunning tourist attraction.
Photograph of Almansa from the East
Looking down from the top of
the staircase to the keep

The spiral staircase
inside the Keep

View from the Keep looking South
Ground Plan
East Elevation North Elevation West Elevation South Elevation
South-North Cross Section West-East
Cross Section


Photos of the Lego Model
under construction January 2023
Construction begins on January 23 as the
castle is laid out in a rough merlon pattern.
Here is the
south end.
And the north
Within 24 hours the "rocky, craggy mass"
begins to form around the castle.
And the view from
the south...
...and the north. By the 29th of January entrance
gates are in place...
...and curtain walls and courtyard are
beginning to take shape.
Here is the main
entrance view on
the town end.
The north entrance
seems much less
On January 30 towers are rising, and
the main stair to the keep is visible.
The long east curtain wall even has
crenels and merlons.
On February 1 the lower castle is nearing
...with the second
gate and its battle-
ments constructed.
The rocky crag is finally completed, with
only vegetation to be added.
And work on the
upper castle and
keep begins.
By February 3rd, the upper castle has risen
to its final height, and the keep is becoming
defined.  On the 8th, the castle is just 50
elements from completion, but the shipment
from Delaware isn't here, and I'm off to Florida.


Photos of the Lego Model
Built January - February 2023

And finally here are the pictures of the model,
completed on February 22, 2023. This is the
view from the west.
And the southwest. The view from the
south emphasizes
the narrowness of
the castle ridge.
The impressive view from
the southeast.
The view of the castle from the east side. The northeast angle best
shows off the courtyards.
The daunting view of ridge
and castle from the north.
And from a bit
more elevation.
And finally, the view
from the northwest.
Here is a closer look
at the main entrance.
And the winding
Inside the main gate is
the upper courtyard.
Here's a close-up of the
stairs to the "prow"  and
tall keep.
And the staircase
into the north
end of the keep.
The narrow outer
courtyard and some
curtain wall.
And the parade yard and
less accessible north gate.


Build Your Own
The plan and elevations are not only too large for me to scan, but
I did not have a good plan when the model was originally designed
about 20 years ago.  This model was designed pretty much based
on the position and number of merlons on the castle walls!
No Plan
No Elevations
No Cross Section

Other Castillo de Almansa pages:

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Castles created by Robert Carney
Page designed & maintained by
Robert Carney